Systematic reviews are often utilized as a rigorous way of summarizing the best available evidence on a topic. However, systematic literature reviews of health policy topics may not always be feasible, due to timelines and budget, or the most appropriate methodology depending on the topic. Instead, environmental scans of grey literature or expert opinions may provide the key information for health policy topics.
While there are rigorous methodologies available for systematic reviews, there are a lack of established standards for other methodologies. As a result, a transparent and reproducible methods section is often lacking in health policy reports. To increase the validity of evidence-based health policy reports, rigorous and transparent methods should be reported to ensure appropriate decision-making.
6 key methodological questions that should be answered in every evidence-based health policy report: